Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of History, Faculty of Human Sciences. Tarbiat modares University, Tehran, iran

2 Department of History, Tarbiat modares University, Tehran, iran




One of the issues faced by the Qajar government in the second half of the 13th/19th century was the mass migration of the people. The migration that took place from 1266 AH/1850 AD and relatively more widely, from 1286 AH/1870 AD, From defferent states of iran outside the country, especially the South Caucasus. Consequently, several thousand people left their homeland every year and worked. as soon as they arrived in these areas, the migran were employed in the worst conditions in factories, oil industries, villages, farms, docks, etc. in the worst conditions. In this article, an attempt has been made to use a descriptive-analytical approach based on collecting data from archival sources and by adopting the theoretical framework of attraction and repulsion models based on the opinions of thinkers such as Rovenstein, Thomas and Everett S. Lee, explain why the Iranian labor force migrates to the Caucasus. The claim of the research is that the economic, political and social factors as a push and pull factor in the origin and destination created a kind of imbalance that caused the migration of Iranian labor to the Caucasus and this process continued over the years.


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