Document Type : Research Paper


Professor Assistant / Department of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Architecture Faculty, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz,



There is very little about the beginnings of Ahwaz. The oldest historical narratives and archeological signs about this city do not go beyond the Sassanid era. According to Sassanid texts, such as the Šahrestānīhā ī Ērānšahr and a large number of histories of the Islamic period, at this time, a city called “Hormuz Ardeshir” was built by Ardeshir Babakan or his grandson Hormuz Ardeshir in this area. But the narrations about this city in itself are not without ambiguity and confusion. In this article, in order to obtain a more accurate picture of these narrations and consequently the appearance of ancient Ahvaz, have been tried to take a closer look at the founding narrations of Ahvaz using historical research method and by analyzing and comparing these narrations, tried to be given a clearer picture of how and why this ancient Persian city that is less known. In addition to removing the above-mentioned ambiguity and confusion, such a study can provide good support for historical and identity searches and field studies about Ahvaz, as one of the Sassanid settlements in Khuzestan. The results of this study provide a new narrative of the formation of Ahvaz during the Sassanid era, which is slightly different from what has been narrated so far, but at the same time can provide a more appropriate combination of different and sometimes contradictory narrations narrated about this city and can make new hypotheses about Ram Ardeshir or Ramesh Ardeshir, one of the first cities founded by Ardeshir Babakan.


Main Subjects