Journal of history of Iran)

Document Type : Research Paper


shahid beheshti university



As trade in the Indian Ocean became a branch of global maritime trade, Safavid Iran also entered this arena due to its proximity to the Persian Gulf. The English and Dutch East India Companies were born in the first half of the 17th century with the aim of taking over the exclusive trade of the East and went to the eastern lands, including Iran. Shah Abbas I entered them into Iran's economic and commercial circuit by signing a contract and granting privileges to use the commercial competition between them for the prosperity and prosperity of the country's economy. The competition of these two companies to take over Iran's exclusive business continued after Shah Abbas.

The present article seeks to clarify the effective factors in the competition between British and Dutch East India Companies during the period of Shah Safi and Shah Abbas II by using the descriptive-analytical method and citing Iranian and non-Iranian sources. The findings of this research show that the cancellation of silk export monopoly by Shah Safi; Commercial contracts of the Iranian government with companies; cash (liquidity); British and Dutch wars in Europe and the Persian Gulf; The export and import of these companies were one of the effective factors in the commercial competition of companies during the era of Shah Safi and Shah Abbas II. Also, the Dutch East India Company was commercially superior to the English Company due to having more liquidity, higher diplomatic power in negotiations with the Safavid court, and the superiority of commercial-military ships.


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