Journal of history of Iran)

Document Type : review paper


Inquiry into the nature of the Iranian state is one of the most important issues for researchers about the state. One reason why researchers pay attention to this issue is probably the crises which the rising state underwent at the transition to the new type of constitutional state in Iran. Although these efforts mostly rely on the notorious western typology of narrative found in Russian Marxist conventional literature, understanding this theory is an important step in the reassessment of the foundations of the state under the Ghajari dynasty. In the present article, three theoretical approaches are examined; the Marxist approach, the Iranian despotism’s approach and Weber’s theory of Sultanism