Journal of history of Iran)

Document Type : review paper


British armed forces, after a 150-year long invasion of the Persian Gulf, finally left the area in the late 1960’s.According to Nixon doctrines mentioned in the press conference on the 25th of July 1969 in Guam, the two governments of Iran and Saudi-Arabia, as the two major forces in the region, were able to fill the power void in the Persian Gulf. Thus, the mutual benefits of these two bordering countries become more important than ever. The overly-cautious representation of such matters in the press and media of both countries, both of which possessed no identity independent of the other, is clearly visible. In this article four events, which are the death of Malek-e-Fazil, Malek-e-Khaled’s trip to Iran, negotiations on the alteration of Persian Gulf’s name, and the establishing of the Gulf’s news media, will be studied in the press and media of both countries. The main issue of this article is the underlying structures that dictated the representation of such matters in the media. The results of this article, which has been undertaken in the historical method using archived documents, show that in Saudi Arabia the representation of such matters was led by the Ministry of Information, and in Iran this was dictated by Mohammad Reza Shah I and then by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs