Journal of history of Iran)

Document Type : review paper


Spice was considered a major agricultural product exported from the East to the west before the Renaissance. However, with the extensive developments in technical principles of production and increasing growth of European products and artifacts beyond Europe and increased demand of the west for different agricultural products in the Renaissance, Eastern communities had no choice but to increase the amount of agricultural products through changing subsistence farming to commercial agriculture in order to provide cost of consumer goods imports and different investment. The findings of this research indicate that Iran in Qajar period, especially after age of nassery, began the first stages of commercial agriculture and at the end of the period achieved significant success and adopted a Logical path in modernizing. But this direction changed out of the emergence of other factors; so modernization process in Iran was diverted to another route.