Journal of history of Iran)

Document Type : review paper


The Khwarezmids, with an origin of slavery in their process of evolution, absorbed military elements with different origins and they tried to hire them, parallel to each other, by enforcing (power) from top to bottom. Despite limitations in the corps in their local government, even those small conflicts caused several revolts which delayed the Khwarezmids from growing and becoming a great power. But during the period of power, the structural conflicts of this dynasty were speeded up. In this article we are going to analyze and explain the influence of structural conflicts in the corps which was collapsed from inside – by the free use of the analytic conflict theory. The kingship of Mohammad of Khwarezm was challenged by government duality in the court and multiple conflicts in the corps – hierarchical conflicts, population composition, center and province. Moreover, the increasing influence and the totalitarian manner of Ghanghli Turkish, sponsored by the Queen, led the Khwarezmids to downfall and collapse. Inability to design suitable military tactics, failure to resist coherently and stably in front of Mongols and also the escape of Shah before the confrontation with the enemy – despite having several hundred thousands of corps – are the obvious signs of such a structural conflict.