Document Type : review paper


After the entering of Shiite ulama into politics during the reign of king Tahmasp I, a new stage in the history of Shiite ulama and jurisprudence relations with Safavid kings began. These relations never stopped during the Safavid dynasty, although it experienced a little gap in the reign of King Ismail II. During the reign of king Abbas I, these relations have entered a predetermined domain and after the weakening of the Qizilbash, he has centralized power into his own hands. He controlled Shiite ulama and jurisprudence and also prevented them from entering the political matters. The ulama not only agreed on this new situation, they also cooperated with him by accepting regional positions and confirming his legitimacy. This process continued until the end of the reign of King Abbas II. The king, like his ancestor, tried to rule with absolute power and to keep the ulama at the service of himself and the Safavid state and, in this way, to use them for his own political goals.