نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشیار گروه تاریخ، دانشکده علوم انسانی، واحد نجف آباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، نجف آباد، اصفهان، ایران.

چکیده

اهمیت امر روزمره در تاریخ اجتماعی بر کردار، رویکرد و عادات ذهنی کنش گران اجتماعی مبتنی است. با پیروزی جنبش مشروطه و امکان بروز گفتمان مدرن، نشریات نوپای زنان کوشیدند زمینه­های ذهنی و شیوه­های عملی این دگرگونی گفتمانی را مقوله­بندی کنند و رویکرد جدیدی به زندگی و امور زنانه به زنان توصیه کنند تا آنان بتوانند این تحول گفتمانی را به درستی طی کنند. هدف این پژوهش شناسایی مسیری است که این نشریات در حوزه امور روزمره زنان با ایجاد تغییرات جزئی و با رویکردی متفاوت ارائه می­دهند. این پژوهش با بهره­گیری از روش تحلیل محتوا به دنبال آن است که توضیح دهد گفتمان مدرن برآمده از پیروزی مشروطیت در مسیر تکوین خود چه تأثیری بر امور روزمره زنان گذارده و آنان را به کدام سمت و سو رهنمون کرده است. حاصل این پژوهش آن بود که این نشریات به عنوان نهادهایی مدرن و پیشگام با تغییر رویکرد، ذهن و رفتار زنان در خانه­داری و بچه­داری کوشیدند با تقویت هویت فردی آنان در مسیر گذار به گفتمان مدرن راهگشای آنان باشند.Abstract:The importance of everyday life in social history is based on behavior, orientations, and mental habits of social agents. After the victory of the constitutional movement and the possibility of outbreak of modern discourse, the newcomer women's newspapers tried to classify the mental background and practical methods of this discursive shift, and in the meantime recommended women a new approach to life and women's affairs, in order to be able to go correctly through this discursive shift. The aim of this paper is to identify the path which these newspapers took up in the sphere of women's everyday life through making partial changes with a different approach. This paper, using content analysis method, seeks to explain that the modern discourse which stemmed from the victory of the constitutional movement, in its formation, what impact has had on women's everyday life and to where it has directed them. The result of this research is that these newspapers as modern and pioneer institutions with a shift in women's approach, mind, and behavior in housekeeping and child rearing, tried to intensify women's individual identity in the path to modern discourse and in course of this to show them the way.Keywords: Housekeeping, Child Rearing, Constitutionalism, Women, Everyday life.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Woman and Change in the Everyday Life Based on Women's Newspapers in Qajar Era

چکیده [English]

The importance of everyday life in social history is based on behavior, orientations, and mental habits of social agents. After the victory of the constitutional movement and the possibility of outbreak of modern discourse, the newcomer women's newspapers tried to classify the mental background and practical methods of this discursive shift, and in the meantime recommended women a new approach to life and women's affairs, in order to be able to go correctly through this discursive shift. The aim of this paper is to identify the path which these newspapers took up in the sphere of women's everyday life through making partial changes with a different approach. This paper, using content analysis method, seeks to explain that the modern discourse which stemmed from the victory of the constitutional movement, in its formation, what impact has had on women's everyday life and to where it has directed them. The result of this research is that these newspapers as modern and pioneer institutions with a shift in women's approach, mind, and behavior in housekeeping and child rearing, tried to intensify women's individual identity in the path to modern discourse and in course of this to show them the way.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Housekeeping
  • Child Rearing
  • constitutionalism
  • Women
  • Everyday Life