Journal of history of Iran)
The Migration of Russian Common Subjects to Astarabad and its Consequences 
(1910-1918 AD/ 1328-1336 AH)
The Migration of Russian Common Subjects to Astarabad and its Consequences (1910-1918 AD/ 1328-1336 AH)

Mina Moeini; Aliakbar Jafari

Volume 16, Issue 2 , July 2023, , Pages 1-23

https://doi.org/10.48308/irhj.2024.104259

Abstract
  Since 1332 AH (1914 AD), the migration of Russian subjects to northern Iran was the beginning of a new chapter in the relations between Iran and Russia. The main cause of this matter ...  Read More
Iran’s Foreign Trade from the third to fifth Centuries AH
Iran’s Foreign Trade from the third to fifth Centuries AH

Mohsen Eqbali; Seyyed Aalaeh Al Din Shahrokhi; Mojtaba Garavand

Volume 16, Issue 2 , July 2023, , Pages 25-46

https://doi.org/10.48308/irhj.2023.103487

Abstract
  The present study aims to investigate the impact of the Samanid, Ghaznavid and Buyid governments on foreign trade in their respective territories based on an analytical method and archival-documentary ...  Read More
The Representation of the Ideal Woman in the Šokūfeh Magazine: A Comparative Study of the Role of Women in the Pre-constitutional and Constitutional Periods
The Representation of the Ideal Woman in the Šokūfeh Magazine: A Comparative Study of the Role of Women in the Pre-constitutional and Constitutional Periods

Mahdi Rafati

Volume 16, Issue 2 , July 2023, , Pages 45-68

https://doi.org/10.48308/irhj.2024.104260

Abstract
  With the emergence and spread of political parties and newspapers in the wake of the constitutionalrevolution, various articles were published with the aim of social reform. The women's ...  Read More
Emergence of Modern Schools in Bandar Lenge and the Role of Foreign States in Their Establishment (From the Naserid Period to the Beginning of the Pahlavi Period)
Emergence of Modern Schools in Bandar Lenge and the Role of Foreign States in Their Establishment (From the Naserid Period to the Beginning of the Pahlavi Period)

Habibollah Saeedinia; Sara Yarmahdavi

Volume 16, Issue 2 , July 2023, , Pages 67-90

https://doi.org/10.48308/irhj.2023.232035.1245

Abstract
  One of the most important political and cultural developments in the social history of Iran is the establishment of new schools in the Qajar period; a prolonged process that began in ...  Read More
Investigating the Causes of Power Outages in the City of Tehran in the Last Years of the Pahlavi Regime
Investigating the Causes of Power Outages in the City of Tehran in the Last Years of the Pahlavi Regime

Mohsen Parvish; Hasan Asadi

Volume 16, Issue 2 , July 2023, , Pages 91-115

https://doi.org/10.48308/irhj.2023.232189.1248

Abstract
  Power outages in Iran are not a new issue, and in the last years of the Pahlavi regime, the population was affected by widespread power outages. The unbridled growth of Tehran in the ...  Read More
The Challenge of Protecting the Citadel of Islam in the Iranian and Ottoman Constitutions (Emphasising the Approach of Agha Najafi Qochani)
The Challenge of Protecting the Citadel of Islam in the Iranian and Ottoman Constitutions (Emphasising the Approach of Agha Najafi Qochani)

Yosof Headarnejad

Volume 16, Issue 2 , July 2023, , Pages 117-133

https://doi.org/10.48308/irhj.2023.232222.1249

Abstract
  In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Iran and the Ottoman Empire witnessed political movements triggered by the weakening of social solidarity, mainly due to the changes in the ...  Read More
Explanation of the Ideology and the Political, Social, and Economic Programs of “the Association for the Freedom of the Iranian People” (from January 1953 to February 1955)

1955)
Explanation of the Ideology and the Political, Social, and Economic Programs of “the Association for the Freedom of the Iranian People” (from January 1953 to February 1955) 1955)

Seyyed Hashem Aghajari; Mehdi Zamani

Volume 16, Issue 2 , July 2023, , Pages 135-157

https://doi.org/10.48308/irhj.2023.232480.1252

Abstract
  Following the opening of the political and intellectual space in Iran in the 1320s, various political parties emerged with their different ideologies and programs. One of these parties ...  Read More
The Migration of Iranian Baluchis to East Africa: A Successful Paradigm for the Persistence of Identity and Cultural Interaction
The Migration of Iranian Baluchis to East Africa: A Successful Paradigm for the Persistence of Identity and Cultural Interaction

Amirbahram Arabahmadi

Volume 16, Issue 2 , July 2023, , Pages 159-182

https://doi.org/10.48308/irhj.2023.232484.1253

Abstract
  The aim of this article is to draw an overall picture of the past and present situation of Iranian Baluchis in East Africa and the way they adapt to the new environment, based on an ...  Read More
Peasant livelihood in Gilan from 1871 to 1906
Peasant livelihood in Gilan from 1871 to 1906

Saman Rahmani; Ahmad Khaleghi Damghani

Volume 16, Issue 2 , July 2023, , Pages 183-206

https://doi.org/10.48308/irhj.2023.232750.1254

Abstract
  This article examines the peasant livelihood and income levels of farmers in Gilan from the end of the Naserid period to the constitutional period. The basis for this study is the evaluation ...  Read More
The History of women’s Awakening in Fārs: a Case Study of the first journalistic experiences of Fārs women in the Pahlavi Period
The History of women’s Awakening in Fārs: a Case Study of the first journalistic experiences of Fārs women in the Pahlavi Period

Ziba Ghafory

Volume 16, Issue 2 , July 2023, , Pages 207-223

https://doi.org/10.48308/irhj.2023.232997.1259

Abstract
  After the constitutional revolution, women in the provinces, as well as in the capital, became involved in social activities such as the founding of schools, associations and newspapers. ...  Read More
An Analysis of the Challenge to the Legitimacy of Ashraf Afghan’s Government
An Analysis of the Challenge to the Legitimacy of Ashraf Afghan’s Government

Seyyed Mahmood Sadat Bidgoli

Volume 16, Issue 2 , July 2023, , Pages 225-246

https://doi.org/10.48308/irhj.2023.233069.1261

Abstract
  The legitimacy of the Safavid dynasty was widespread to the extent that hardly anyone believed that they could be replaced as kings of Iran. The long shadow of the Safavid dynasty persisted ...  Read More
Transformation of Iranian Social Customs during the Qajar Period (A Case Study of the New Style of Handshake)
Transformation of Iranian Social Customs during the Qajar Period (A Case Study of the New Style of Handshake)

Reza Bigdelo; Zeynab Ahmadvand

Volume 16, Issue 2 , July 2023, , Pages 247-264

https://doi.org/10.48308/irhj.2023.233109.1262

Abstract
  The arrival of modernity and the new European culture in Iranian society had an impact on political, social and cultural structures and caused these structures to undergo certain changes. ...  Read More
Ghazali’s Sufistic and Mystical Reading of Iransharian Politics
Ghazali’s Sufistic and Mystical Reading of Iransharian Politics

Shahnaz Hojati Najafabadi

Volume 16, Issue 1 , March 2023, , Pages 1-15

https://doi.org/10.48308/irhj.2023.103257

Abstract
  Ghazali’s tendency towards a Sufistic worldview and life, especially after his repentance, influenced his political vision. The impact of this event on Ghazali's seclusion and ...  Read More
Mesopotamian Origin of the Devil’s Image in Gnostic and Zurvanite Cults
Mesopotamian Origin of the Devil’s Image in Gnostic and Zurvanite Cults

Toufiq Hosseini

Volume 16, Issue 1 , March 2023, , Pages 17-33

https://doi.org/10.48308/irhj.2023.103281

Abstract
  Belief in evil is one of the long-standing and widespread themes in human religious thoughts. A Belief, which is rooted in the idea of imbalance and corruption in existence. In the ...  Read More
The Position of the “Fashion Design” Profession as a Guild and its Formation in Iranian Social History during the Islamic Period
The Position of the “Fashion Design” Profession as a Guild and its Formation in Iranian Social History during the Islamic Period

Seddigheh Nayefi

Volume 16, Issue 1 , March 2023, , Pages 35-55

https://doi.org/10.48308/irhj.2023.103187

Abstract
  Reflecting on the concept of fashion design shows its close connection with fashion and the distinction of this profession from tailoring. Although there are extensive and reliable ...  Read More
The Causes of Iranian Labor Migration to the Caucasus (The Second Half of the 13th/ 19th Century)
The Causes of Iranian Labor Migration to the Caucasus (The Second Half of the 13th/ 19th Century)

Mehdi Ahmadi; Seyyed Hashem aghajari

Volume 16, Issue 1 , March 2023, , Pages 57-77

https://doi.org/10.48308/irhj.2023.103330

Abstract
  One of the issues faced by the Qajar government in the second half of the 13th/19th century was the mass migration of the people. The migration took place from 1266 AH/1850 AD and to ...  Read More
Investigating the Position of Oil Revenues in the Five Development Programs (1949-1978) during the Pahlavi Era
Investigating the Position of Oil Revenues in the Five Development Programs (1949-1978) during the Pahlavi Era

Nabi Omidi

Volume 16, Issue 1 , March 2023, , Pages 79-102

https://doi.org/10.48308/irhj.2023.103371

Abstract
  Iran is the first country in the Middle East where oil was produced and the first country whose oil industry was nationalized. Oil has always been the most important source of foreign ...  Read More
The political Situation of Iranian and Ottoman Kurdistan and its Impact on the Movement of Sheikh Obaidullah Nahri during the Qajar Period
The political Situation of Iranian and Ottoman Kurdistan and its Impact on the Movement of Sheikh Obaidullah Nahri during the Qajar Period

Reza Abdollahi; Abbas Ghadimi

Volume 16, Issue 1 , March 2023, , Pages 103-130

https://doi.org/10.48308/irhj.2023.103332

Abstract
  The movement of Sheikh Obaidullah Nahri (Shamzini) took place in 1297 AH (1880 AD) during the reign of Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar. To understand the aspects of the movement and the context ...  Read More
Expanding the Concept of Equality in the Socio-Political Literature of the Iranian Constitutional Revolution, Based on the Study of Newspapers
Expanding the Concept of Equality in the Socio-Political Literature of the Iranian Constitutional Revolution, Based on the Study of Newspapers

Mohammad Bitarafan

Volume 16, Issue 1 , March 2023, , Pages 131-148

https://doi.org/10.48308/irhj.2023.103186

Abstract
  The constitutional revolution set the stage for introducing new concepts in the socio-political field. Since only a handful of prominent figures of the Qajar period were conscious of ...  Read More
Explanation of commercial and financial exchanges between Iran and America during the Qajar era (based on unpublished documents)
Explanation of commercial and financial exchanges between Iran and America during the Qajar era (based on unpublished documents)

Fereshte Jahani

Volume 16, Issue 1 , March 2023, , Pages 149-166

https://doi.org/10.48308/irhj.2023.103224

Abstract
  At the beginning of the 20th century, the United States of America had the most advanced economy in the world. This issue did not escape the sharp eyes of the Iranian intellectuals ...  Read More
Shedding Light on the Old Ahvaz through Sassanid and Islamic Texts and a Conjecture about the Location of Sassanid City of Ram Ardashir
Shedding Light on the Old Ahvaz through Sassanid and Islamic Texts and a Conjecture about the Location of Sassanid City of Ram Ardashir

Rouhollah Mojtahedzadeh

Volume 16, Issue 1 , March 2023, , Pages 167-186

https://doi.org/10.48308/irhj.2023.103331

Abstract
  There is very little information about the beginnings of Ahwaz. Although the establishment of an urban settlement in this area is speculated as from the Elamite period onwards, the ...  Read More
Ahmad Kasravi and the Claim to Prophethood; Reconsidering the Views of Opponents and Critics
Ahmad Kasravi and the Claim to Prophethood; Reconsidering the Views of Opponents and Critics

Hasan Rostami; Masoud Bayat

Volume 16, Issue 1 , March 2023, , Pages 187-206

https://doi.org/10.48308/irhj.2023.103185

Abstract
  The political atmosphere after Shahrivar 1320 led to growth and conflict in opinions. At this time, political parties tried to advance their goals. Bahmad Azadegan party was established ...  Read More
Is the establishment of the Safavid's government the beginning of the origin or contemporary history of Iran?
Is the establishment of the Safavid's government the beginning of the origin or contemporary history of Iran?

Alireza Mollaiy Tavany

Volume 16, Issue 1 , March 2023, , Pages 207-227

https://doi.org/10.48308/irhj.2023.103250

Abstract
  By creating a centralized government, the Safavid's revived the historical territory of Iran and gave legitimacy to Shiism. Some claim that the Safavid's created a national government ...  Read More
Investigating the situation and evolution of Kerman carpet industry in the Qajar period
Investigating the situation and evolution of Kerman carpet industry in the Qajar period

mostafa molaei; pouran tahouni

Volume 16, Issue 1 , March 2023, , Pages 229-251

https://doi.org/10.48308/irhj.2023.103184

Abstract
  Kerman was considered one of the main centers of carpet production and trade in the Qajar period. Despite the fact that until the end of the 19thcentury, affected by the prosperity ...  Read More
Discoursive changes on  Kurdish identity from the emergence of the constitutional revolution to the emergence of the modern state in Iran
Discoursive changes on Kurdish identity from the emergence of the constitutional revolution to the emergence of the modern state in Iran

Asaad Khani; Akbar Zare Shahabadi

Volume 15, Issue 2 , July 2022, , Pages 1-18

https://doi.org/10.52547/irhj.15.2.1

Abstract
  Historical narratives and theoretical justifications have placed the central sign of "Kurdishness" in an idolized and transcendental conceptual position, So that the review of this ...  Read More